When considering how to draw the human eye one must first look at the multitude of eye pencil drawings which I have linked below in the resource section. In this step by step tutorial you will learn how to construct the human eye from simple shapes while using pencil and a little bit of chalk for highlights. The drawing will be done on brown craft paper (you can use the brown paper bag paper if you have nothing else) and this is used because the brown paper will serve as a neutral grey tone which means in this drawing we will only be going darker, and lighter around this middle tone. The brown paper can be substituted for grey canson paper if desired.
Define the major shapes with simple outlines. Use source materials, a model, or a photograph for reference.
Fill in the pupil and draw an organic shape indicating what will be the fluctuations of value in the iris. Remember not to press to hard with your pencil as this will destroy the tooth of the paper and make it difficult to erase.
Make a pile of graphite from your pencil. Dab your finger in it and use it to make some soft values in step 4.
Blend some soft values with your finger under the top lid of the eye and around the iris.
Blend the eyelids and the contour under the eye using a combination of your finger and pencil.
Use some white charcoal (they also come in pencil form) to pop in a few highlights. Be minimal here and don’t go overboard!
Add the eyelashes by paying attention to making them all curved and not straight. Use an eraser to help soften the highlights and shape the eyelashes.
Eye Pencil Drawings Resources
Here is a bunch of eye pencil drawings resources for those who want to learn how to draw eyes. The human eye can be quite a challenge and is a great piece of anatomy to examine as there are many varying planes to consider and one can push the detail all the way down to the individual lashes.
Look at these resources and eye pencil drawings for further reference.
Planes are flat surface areas which depict contours of the face in a flat manner. The technique of breaking down objects into simpler forms is at least 500 years old, and is still used all the time by 3d animators today.
In the popular digital sculpting program ZBrush you can create virtual sculptures, and in this video tutorial you can see how the artist looked at each plane of the face as a starting point to model an entire face.
In the following illustration we can see how Loomis simplified the face into flat planes.
And here we can see how Paolo Uccello did so with a vase drawing he made nearly 500 years ago.
Planes of the face can have simple variations in value which can distinguish where a plane ends, and another begins.
And planes can help simplify cartoon characters making it easy to draw from multiple angles. Such as in this step by step guide by Loomis on how to draw cartoons.
But why is this an important skill as it concerns 3d modeling? Well, for starters it isn’t that difficult to model an extremely complicated looking character in a program like ZBrush. However the more vertices present, the slower a character will perform in 3d. That’s why all 3d characters are simplified down to more efficient characters.
In the tutorial below we can see how simple objects are even simplified down to easier planar shapes in Blender. We are going to be doing the same, except with drawing.
For todays exercise we will be working from photos of animals and humans, and your task will be to redraw these images in a much simpler way. As always you are welcome to use a tablet to draw (not trace!) the images.
If you are looking for more inspiration, and are interested in using Blender I recommend starting with this set of tutorials. Blender is free to download and there are hundreds and hundreds of tutorials online which go from very basic to (as seen in the video below) quite advanced.
Today we will be visiting the Natural History Museum to draw. Bring your student IDs (as this will give you a discount. I believe admission is 80Kc) . Also bring your sketchbook and drawing materials. We will be spending the entire class drawing different animals.
Your exercise for this class is to pick two different animals and combine them in one drawing. This is called a Chimera. Take a look at the video below to see how this can be done.
Chimera’s have been around for a long time, and we can find them in many different cultures around the world. Here’s a bronze statue of a chimera from China.
They also still pop up in popular culture all the time. Such as this concept art sketch from Clash of the Titans.
But above all else. Don’t forget the basics of form, gesture, and planar surfaces when drawing animals.